1. Give her great self-entertainment options like food puzzles.
Most of us are guilty of giving our pets extra treats to compensate for not spending enough time with them, but we all know that’s not a great plan. Giving your pup new and interesting ways to get her daily nutrition is a far healthier option.
Behaviorist Dr. Wailani Sung is a big proponent of food puzzles, which are toys created to hide food so your pet has to work to find it. “Puzzle toys/interactive toys are great in keeping our dogs mentally stimulated,” she explains. “It is fun for owners to watch their dogs try to figure out how to get the food out, and [these toys] give dogs a great outlet for their energy, both physically and mentally,” Dr. Sung says. She compares the extra mental effort food puzzles take to the extra effort and focus it would take for her to read a textbook rather than a trashy novel. Having to think about how to get his food — and physically work at it — means your dog expends more energy.
“In the wild, animals have to spend significant amounts of time hunting/foraging for food. In our typical households, the dog does no work prior to getting his meal,” Sung says. “If we provide our dogs with an opportunity to work out his energies, then you have a healthier dog, physically and mentally. If your dog is busy working for his meal, he does not have time to chew on your table leg or counter surf or exhibit other inappropriate behaviors.”
2. Organize outings to see other dogs or people.
Want to make sure your dog gets to see his canine buddies but don’t have much time? Do what parents of human children do: Plan play dates. If you have friends who also frequent the dog park, make a point to find out when they’ll be there so that even if you stay only 15 minutes, your pooch is guaranteed to get time with a pal. Or forget the park and just get your dogs together at one of your homes. (And if, during a busy week, you really can’t give your dog one-on-one time, consider taking your pooch to doggie day care, where he can get some socializing in.)
Of course, if your dog isn’t interested in his fellow pups, you can also take him out to an establishment designed for humans but that is dog friendly, like a coffee shop with a patio. Get creative — maybe you can take your laptop and get some work done while he takes in the sights (and smells), or perhaps you can catch up with your friends somewhere new that is conducive to bringing your canine companion along.
3. Provide some structure.
You probably feel better about your day when you have some semblance of an idea about what’s going to happen, right? When it comes to rest and activity, that’s something your dog enjoys, too.
“Keep in mind that in nature, canines have periods of rest but also periods of activities,” Dr. Sung says. “If the owners provide more structure to their dogs’ days, that can be really helpful for dogs to know what is coming next. Almost all animals follow a schedule during the day and night; it is what we encounter along the way as we move through our day that keeps it different.”
So, making a point to always give your dog a walk or play session — even a short one — at the same time of day isn’t just good motivation for you; it also can be beneficial to her state of mind.
4. Teach her a new trick.
When you use positive reinforcement to teach a dog a new trick, it becomes more like a game than anything else. And, yes, that’s even true for the stubborn ones. The best thing about this is that you don’t need to dedicate an hour every day to training — five minutes here and 10 minutes there of focused attention is all you really need. And it might be all she can handle at one time anyway.
Of course, the bonus to this one is that you’ll be able to track her progress as you go along. If you’re coming up short on tricks to teach your pooch, follow along with Mikkel Becker’s training videos. You and your dog will both be likely to learn something there.
5. Make daily grooming more of a bonding opportunity than a chore.
Do you dread brushing your dog almost as much as she dreads you trying to brush her teeth? Maybe 2015 is the year for you to reset your approach. Sure, you probably look at it as something you just need to get done, but what if your routine became a five-minute ritual you both looked forward to?
This might mean you need to start from scratch, so let her get comfortable with the brush or any other tools you need to use. Give her plenty of positive reinforcement and move slowly, making sure to give her love, praise, belly rubs and treats as you go. Once you both learn to relax a bit, it might truly become a process you enjoy.